What is Diabetes?
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition where our cells cannot effectively convert sugar (glucose) into energy. When our bodies cannot maintain healthy levels of glucose, which is our main source of energy, excessive amounts of unused glucose are stored. This can lead to health impacts later in life, such as an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes, kidney and eye issues, as well as foot complications.
How does diabetes affect us?
One of the main hormones in our bodies, insulin, has the role of ensuring that glucose is converted into energy for our bodies to use. In an individual with diabetes, the role of insulin is inhibited and, therefore, glucose is stored in our bodies without being utilised. The extra stored glucose can have short and long-term effects on our health. In the early stages of diabetes, these effects will likely go unnoticed, which include increased blood pressure, cramping, blurred vision and excessive thirst. This is why diabetes is known as the ‘silent killer’, as these effects cumulate from years of excess glucose stored in our bodies.
The way in which the role of insulin is inhibited defines the main types of diabetes individuals can have:
How Diabetes affects our feet:
With long – term and uncontrollable blood sugar levels, our feet are often the first parts of our bodies to be affected. This is because they contain the smallest blood vessels and nerves that get affected first. Often, this will lead to reduced blood flow to our feet, which may impair an individual’s sensation and healing rates from injuries. Therefore, individuals with diabetes are at an increased risk of amputation of the lower limb, as according to Diabetes Australia, approximately 4400 amputations result each year from diabetes. Severe foot complications may result if blood sugar levels are not managed well:
Diabetes is a chronic condition that can have detrimental impact to your overall foot health. If you have diabetes and are concerned about your foot health, let the team at SOLE–LUTION PODIATRY help you. You can reach us on 02 9569 5145 or book online at https://sole-lutionpodiatry.com.au/book-online/.
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